KARACHI, Pakistan (Compass Direct News) – A Christian couple was sentenced to 25 years in prison for violating Pakistan's widely condemned "blasphemy" laws last week, and another Christian convicted without basis under the same statutes the previous week received the same sentence.
In Kasur, Ruqqiya Bibi and her husband Munir Masih were sentenced on March 3 to 25 years of prison under Section 295-B of the Pakistan Penal Code for defiling the Quran. They had been arrested by Mustafabad police in December 2008 for touching Islam's sacred scripture without ritually washing.
Punishment for defiling the Quran is "life imprisonment," which means 25 years in Pakistan.
Prosecution witnesses accused Ruqqiya and her husband of using the Quran as part of black magic, and that in the process Ruqqiya had touched it without it without ritual cleansing. They also claimed that the couple had written the creed of Islam, or Kalima-e-Tayyaba, on the walls of their house.
Tahir Gul, a lawyer of the Centre for Legal Aid Assistance and Settlement (CLAAS), told Compass that the Christian couple had not used the Quran for black magic. He said the matter arose out of a quarrel between Muslim and Christian children and turned into a clash of their parents. Because Pakistan's blasphemy statues are so commonly used to settle such personal scores, they are widely condemned by human rights advocates and legislators around the world.
After police investigation, the couple was further charged under Section 295-C of the blasphemy laws, which criminalizes any derogatory remark – spoken, written or by visible representation – against Muhammad, the prophet of Islam. The minimum punishment for such remarks is also "life imprisonment" of 25 years, but the law also allows for the death penalty.
Gul said the court had absolved the couple of charges under Section 295-C, as no evidence was found of them blaspheming Muhammad. He said that when the crime report was initially filed, the couple was accused only of defiling the Quran and not of blaspheming Muhammad.
The attorney said the case would be appealed in the Lahore High Court.
In Karachi, the Additional District and Sessions Court on Feb. 25 sentenced another Christian, Qamar David, to 25 years in prison and a fine of 100,000 rupees (US$1,170) after he was convicted without basis of sending blasphemous text messages in May 2006.
David was convicted under Section 295-A of the blasphemy statues for "injuring religious feelings of any community," and also under Section 295-C for derogatory remarks against Muhammad. Maximum punishment for violation of Section 295-A is life imprisonment, and for Section 295-C the maximum punishment is death, though life imprisonment is also possible.
David received the sentence of life in prison.
His lawyer, Pervaiz Aslam Chaudhry, told Compass that the conviction was without basis as all 16 witnesses at the trial said that not David but the owner of the cell phone, who is also the subscriber to the SIM card through which they received the blasphemous messages, was guilty. The SIM card and the cell phone are owned by a Muslim, Munawar Ahmad, who was named with David, he said.
"In spite of these facts, the court has absolved him [Ahmad] of all charges," Chaudhry said.
In May 2006, two First Information Reports (FIR) were filed against David in Karachi under sections 295-A and 295-C. The first was filed under both sections by Khursheed Ahmed Khan, a travel agent, at the Sadar Police Station in Clifton. David still awaits trial on the second FIR, also under sections 295-A and 295-C, filed by Hafiz Muhammad Hamid at the Azizabad police station in Gulberg Town.
David has never been granted bail since his arrest in 2006, and he is in Central Jail in Landhi. Chaudhry said that he would file an application in the Sindh High Court for a hearing on the second case, because no trial date has been given despite the lapse of three and a half years.
"I feel that Qamar will also be convicted in the lower court again, because we see no signs of impartiality," he added.
David's family members criticized the blasphemy laws and his conviction, holding a protest on Feb. 28 with the help of Save the Churches' Property Welfare Association and the United Church of Christ. They said that David was innocent and that the court was biased.
Chaudhry said that David lived a harsh life in the jail, where he was often threatened and once attacked by fellow inmates. The attorney said his client has faced obstacles in pursuing his case, and that extremists accused him of being a supporter of "blasphemers" because he was a Christian.
"Muslims raised slogans of triumph of Islam outside the court premises on the day David was convicted," Chaudhry said. "The judgment was expected against David due to pressure on the judge, Jangu Khan."
David had worked in the cafeteria of a hospital in Karachi, where he served drinks and food to customers, before he was accused in May 2006 of sending blasphemous messages.