Weeks of debate and dialogue within the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A) concerning a controversial meeting between its staff members and a terrorist group culminated in an exchange of letters throughout December.
The controversy arose in mid October, when members of an Advisory Committee on Social Witness Policy (ACSWP) within the denomination met with Hezbollah officials in southern Lebanon as part of their fact-finding trip to the Middle East. During their meeting with Hezbollah - an anti-Israel group that is on the U.S. file of terrorist groups, one of the ACSWP members said Islamic leaders are easier to speak with than Jewish leaders.
As an elder of our church, Id like to say that according to my recent experience, relations and conversations with Islamic leaders are a lot easier than dealings and dialogue with Jewish leaders, said Darryl Stone, a retired professor at Pittsburgh Theological Seminary.
Predictably, Stones comments stirred media frenzy and a rash of criticism from both U.S. and foreign Jewish groups many of which have already been at odds with the denomination for its recently adopted divestment policy targeting companies profiting from the Israeli occupation of the Gaza.
In light of the controversy, three of the top PC(USA) heads, John Detterick, General Assembly Stated Clerk Clifton Kirkpatrick and General Assembly Moderator Rick Ufford-Chase, released several statements denouncing the visit and calling Stones comments reprehensible.
Meanwhile, following the ACSWP visit, Detterick, the General Assembly Council (GAC) Executive Director, fired two high-level PC(USA) staffers that were involved directly and indirectly - with the fact-finding trip. The two fired staffers, GAC Deputy Executive Director Kathy Lueckert and ACSWP Coordinator the Rev. Peter Sulyok, were released from their duties without comment.
The December letters received by the Presbyterian News Service (PNS) did not mention the two staffers, but did refer to the great pain and difficulties suffered by the PC(USA).
We regret the rupture in relationship and dialogue with leaders of the American Jewish community caused in part by the media reports of our conversation with Sheikh Nabil Qaouk, the spiritual leader of Hezbollah, the letter by the ACSWP members read.
In retrospect, we understand that the visit with Hezbollah leadership was untimely and unwise given the larger context of religious and political tensions within our country. Nevertheless, we accept responsibility for our actions in carrying out the meeting, it continued.
Meanwhile, in response to the ACSWP letter, Detterick, Kirkpatrick and Ufford-Chase penned a soft statement apologizing for the hurt they may have caused by their prior statements regarding the Hezbollah visit.
We acknowledge that our letter was hurtful to you, and we are sorry for that hurt. We are eager to move on to work for the peace, unity and purity of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) in order that we may together give faithful witness to the compassion and justice of Christ for all the peoples of the world, they wrote.
By Dec. 13, the ACSWP gave the PNS a briefing on what they did during their visit to the Middle East.
The following is the full text of the ACSWP members letter signed by Dianne Briscoe, Esperanza Guajardo, the Rev. Sue Dickson, the Rev. Ronald Kernaghan, the Rev. Gordon Edwards, Stone and the Rev. Nile Harper, ACSWP chair, as released by the PNS:
Dear Colleagues in Ministry:
The elected members of the Advisory Committee on Social Witness Policy (ACSWP) who participated in the recent Middle East fact-finding trip acknowledge that their meeting with the Hezbollah party in south Lebanon created great pain and difficulties for you and for the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.).
We regret the rupture in relationship and dialogue with leaders of the American Jewish community caused in part by the media reports of our conversation with Sheikh Nabil Qaouk, the spiritual leader of Hezbollah. The purpose of our trip was to listen to a variety of different voices and especially to those voices not usually heard by Presbyterians in order to gain a wider perspective and a deeper understanding of the conflicts in the Middle East. A brief report from the ACSWP trip is available at www.pcusa.org/ACSWP.
The meeting with Hezbollah was arranged by our Presbyterian hosts, The Evangelical Synod of Lebanon and Syria, and seemed to be in keeping with our fact-finding purpose. In retrospect, we understand that the visit with Hezbollah leadership was untimely and unwise given the larger context of religious and political tensions within our country. Nevertheless, we accept responsibility for our actions in carrying out the meeting.
It is our fervent prayer that we may join together with you in working for peace, unity and justice within the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) and in the larger world.
The following is the full text of the letter from Ufford-Chase, Detterick and Kirkpatrick in response, as released by the PNS:
Dear Friends in Christ:
We write this letter specifically to thank you for your letter of December 1, 2004 expressing regret over the consequences of your meeting with the Hezbollah Party in Lebanon and for the copy of the report on the highlights of your visit to the Middle East. We are grateful for the partnership in the gospel that we have with you and your colleagues in the Advisory Committee on Social Witness Policy and for the important role that ACSWP plays in the life of our Church.
We appreciate your sensitivity to our Churchs important witness for peace and justice in the Middle East and to its deep commitment to the well-being of both Palestinians and Israelis. We share that commitment with you. We also appreciate the full report on your visit, the helpful fact finding you have done for the church, and the many ways in which your trip strengthened our partnerships in the Middle East and brought hope to those who have suffered for far too long. We affirm the continuing policy research that ACSWP does for the General Assembly, both in this nation and around the world.
We acknowledge that our letter was hurtful to you, and we are sorry for that hurt. We are eager to move on to work for the peace, unity and purity of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) in order that we may together give faithful witness to the compassion and justice of Christ for all the peoples of the world.
The following is the text of the Brief summary of highlights from the trip (for more information, visit the Web site www.pcusa.org/acswp), as released by the PNS:
Differentiation Of Presbyterian Policy From American Religious Zionism
In every country we visited (Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Palestine, Israel, Egypt), we heard deep appreciation for the balanced policy of the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) supporting negotiated peace, with safe borders for Israel and Palestine, rejection of all forms of terrorism, the right of self determination, and self defense, the end of the occupation, removal of The Wall, and praise for the planned, selective, phased economic divestment action of the General Assembly. Christian, Muslim and some Jewish leaders praised General Assembly courage.
Meetings In Beirut, Lebanon Praise For Presbyterian Partnership
ACSWP met with leaders from the Evangelical Synod of Lebanon and Syria, Faculty of the Near East School of Theology, The Metropolitan Maronite Bishop (Catholic) of Beirut, the General Secretary of the Middle East Council of Churches. From all these people we heard appreciation for historic Presbyterian partnership; praise for the courageous Presbyterian General Assembly action for planned, selective economic divestment, and gratitude for our coming to meet with and listen to all parties and voices involved in the Middle East regional struggles for peace with justice.
Powerful Worship And Experiencing
The Body Of Christ Globally
In South Lebanon at the Ebel Al-Saki Presbyterian Church in the small village of Marjiyoun where every family has lost one or more members to the long war of Israeli occupation--here we saw how Presbyterians and Muslims live, cooperate, and work together to rebuild their region. In Damascus, Syria we worshipped in the Evangelical Presbyterian Church of St. Paul and the congregation of over 100 came out into the street to welcome us; we shared in prayer, scripture, song and preaching, testimony, food and fellowship that moved us to tears. In Jerusalem at the Lutheran Church of the Redeemer inside the old city we prayed with Arab Christians, Mennonite peace workers, Israeli Jews, and many others receiving communion together and making many new friends. In Cairo, Egypt we joined in worship with brothers and sisters from the Synod of the Nile who shared their vision for growing mission, church outreach into Muslim communities through acts of love in health care, schools, and economic development. They challenged us to new partnerships.
Listening To Five Iraqi Church Leaders
A Call To Compassionate Partnership
We met for a full day with five national level leaders from Iraq: the Armenian Orthodox Bishop of Baghdad; the Greek Orthodox Archbishop of Baghdad; the Syrian Orthodox Bishop of Baghdad; the Senior Presbyterian Pastor from Baghdad; and the Pastor of the Evangelical (Presbyterian) Church in Tikrit. They all spoke of the lack of safety, lack of police security, fear of people to venture out to church, lack of dependable water, electricity, and basic public services. However, they emphasized that their churches, schools, health care clinics are struggling to reopen and serve the great needs of their members and the general public. They gave detailed lists of ways in which Presbyterians could engage in partnership with Iraqi Christians. It was a clear call to compassionate partnership. There are real mission opportunities here.
Bethlehem A Dying City
ACSWP spent a day in Bethlehem meeting with staff of the Center for Palestinian Residency & Refugee Rights, visiting a refugee community, the Bethlehem International Center, talking with people in the streets and shops, and later that evening meeting with leaders from the Palestinian Authority. In Bethlehem we found that many shops and local businesses have been closed. Many have gone bankrupt. Local residents travel only with great difficulty. The Wall of Separation runs in such a way as to limit access to the surrounding area. Tourism is almost dead. The large Jewish settlements are visible from Bethlehem as well as the limited access highways that connect them. These roads cannot be used by Palestinians. They must endure slow travel with long delays at Israeli military checkpoints.
Close Encounter With The Wall Of Separation
The group spent a full afternoon touring regions of Jerusalem and surrounding communities through which the newly constructed Wall of Separation has been built. We saw firsthand how the Wall divides Palestinian sections of East Jerusalem. We witnessed how Palestinians must travel for several hours to make necessary detours to reach schools, jobs, health care, and other facilities. We learned that a simple mile-long trip that would have taken fifteen minutes before The Wall now takes over one hour. We passed through the three Israeli military checkpoints between Jerusalem and Bethlehem a short eight-mile trip that now can take two hours for Palestinians to travel. We also heard some Israelis indicate they felt safer since The Wall went up. Others indicated they thought The Wall was a barrier to real peace and stability.
Jerusalem Reception Brings Out 100 People
On the evening of October 23, ACSWP hosted a reception in Jerusalem at the Notre Dame Conference Center for about 40-50 invited guests representing all viewpoints on the Middle East. Over 100 people turned out and stayed until 11:30 p.m. People were hungry for the opportunity to have open conversation in a safe place with no strings attached. Who came? Jewish Rabbis, human rights workers, pastors, priests, NGO staffers, Quaker and Mennonite peace leaders, Muslim, Jewish and Christian religious leaders, a real mix and cross section of the Middle East peoples. Existing partnerships were strengthened. New opportunities for collaboration were discovered. Listening and learning. Ideas for future partnerships emerged. Bridges of communication were opened.
Cairo, Egypt Meeting For Interfaith Dialogue And With The Synod Of The Nile
We met for dialogue with a group of over 50 Coptic Christians, Evangelical Christians, and the Islamic Brotherhood. Conversation began with the Grand Mufti (highest religious official of Islam in Egypt) putting hard questions to us about U. S. foreign policy with focus on the war in Iraq and perceived lack of serious leadership for peace processes between Israel and Palestine. We shared General Assembly policy actions which were well received. There was great interest in General Assembly action toward a planned, selective economic divestment. As the evening moved ahead, there was a warming trend and dialogue led toward friendship and future communication.
A great point of learning came in several meetings with representatives of the Synod of the Nile. The PC(USA) has longstanding partnerships in Egypt. The Nile Synod has a new Moderator who spoke with passion for their new vision of expanding mission including creating five new centers of health, education and social service for people in large and growing communities in and around Cairo. Each center will seek to create a new Christian congregation at the center of its outreach services. Education, health care, and economic development are seen to be avenues of doing the gospel of Christ. The moderator challenged us to take back the invitation to Americans to join with energy in the emerging initiatives through which they believe God is doing a new thing.
Conversations With Muslim Leaders And Scholars
We met with Muslim scholars, government representatives and imams in Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Egypt. The delegation had private interviews with President Lahoud of Lebanon, President Assad of Syria, the Minister of Foreign Affairs in Egypt and the Grand Imam of Al Anzhar University in Cairo. We also engaged in dialogue with The Islamic Institute for Interfaith Relations in Damascus and The Muslim Brotherhood in Cairo. There is great interest in continued dialogue between Christians and Muslims, a deep respect for the Arab Christian community as a stabilizing influence in Middle Eastern societies, and a desire among moderate Muslims to engage evangelicals and Christian Zionists in conversation. Muslim leaders expressed a deep reverence for Jesus Christ and were eager to discuss questions of justice and peace in the Middle East from the perspective of the teachings of Jesus. It was a moving experience to hear sincere expressions of concern for the suffering of Israelis. We heard several clear statements that acts of terror committed against civilians are a violation of the teaching of the Koran. Some of the Islamic leaders who spoke against terrorism have done so at great personal risk.