JAKARTA, Indonesia (Compass Direct News) – In the past week hundreds of students from Arastamar Evangelical Theological Seminary (SETIA) were evicted from two sites where they had taken refuge after Muslim protestors drove them from their campus last year.
With about 700 students earlier evicted from Bumi Perkemahan Cibubur (BUPERTA) campground, officers appointed by the West Jakarta District Court on Monday (Oct. 26) began evacuating more than 300 students from the former municipal building of West Jakarta.
In response, the more than 1,000 evicted SETIA students demonstrated in West Jakarta on Tuesday (Oct. 27), clogging traffic and leading to altercations with police that led to the arrest of at least five students. Six officers were injured.
The eviction from the former West Jakarta mayoral building came after the city settled accounts last week with the Sawerigading Foundation, which officially gained ownership of the site from the city after a long court dispute. The foundation plans to build apartments on the land, a 13,765 square-meter parcel with six buildings.
Demonstrating in front of the buildings, the students formed a blockade. A bulldozer began to level buildings, and students began throwing plastic chairs and rocks at police. Officers responded with tear gas that dispersed the crowd.
"Five people were arrested and taken for questioning by the West Jakarta Police," Police Commissioner Djoni Iskandar told Compass at the site. The identities of the five students were not known at press time, although the head of the student senate, Alexander Dimu, said that one was identified as Adi Siwa.
Traffic Police Chief Commissioner Sungkono, who goes by a single name, told Compass that two traffic officers and four security policeman were injured by objects the students had thrown.
"Brigade Chief Charles and Sudiyanto had just gotten out of a car when they were hit by flying objects," he said. "The same was true of four other police: Diak, Arif, Luki, and Mardiana, who had injuries to their hands, feet, and a torn lip."
The students were originally driven from their school when hundreds of protestors shouting "Allahu-Akbar ["God is greater]" and brandishing machetes forced the evacuation of staff and students from the SETIA campus in Kampung Pulo village on July 26-27, 2008.
Urged on by announcements from a mosque loudspeaker to "drive out the unwanted neighbor" following a misunderstanding between students and local residents, the protestors also had sharpened bamboo and acid and injured at least 20 students, some seriously.
The Jakarta provincial government has offered to house students at a city-owned office building in North Jakarta that SETIA officials said was unfit for habitation.
"A barn for water buffalo is much nicer than that place," Ronald Simanjuntak secretary of the SETIA Foundation, told Compass.
The building has broken windows, non-functioning toilets, a roof that is in disrepair, and a bare cement floor, he said, adding that major renovations would be necessary.
"Our primary request is that we be allowed to return to our own campus peacefully," Simanjuntak said. "We were in the old West Jakarta mayor's office because the provincial government sent us there. Don't imagine that we were trying to take over that place."
An inspection of the North Jakarta building by representatives from the SETIA Foundation, the Sawerigading Foundation, and city officials found the building was uninhabitable and unsuitable for classes, said SETIA's rector, the Rev. Matheus Mangentang.
"So the solution is to return us to our campus," Rev. Mangentang told Compass. "[The North Jakarta building] needs months of renovation work; it was supposed to be torn down."
The area secretary for the Jakarta Provincial Government who goes by a single name, Muhayat, told Compass that suitability "is a relative thing."
"Why is the place unsuitable?" he said. "Is it the location?"
According to Muhayat, the Jakarta government plans to sell a property that would allow it to provide proceeds for construction of a new SETIA campus in the Lippo area of Cikarang, West Java Province. Officials hope a sale could be completed late this year, allowing construction to begin in early 2010.
"The students need to be patient and not act unilaterally," Muhayat said. "The provincial government and the [SETIA] Foundation are in the midst of working on a new campus."
The students would like to return to their former campus in Kampung Pulo, East Jakarta, with assurances of safety and security from the vice-governor, but area residents reportedly remain hostile.
SETIA's Simanjuntak said that if students are forced to the North Jakarta building, school officials would ask the Sawerigading Foundation for time to renovate it. Sawerigading has offered 250 million rupiahs (US$26,000) to SETIA for renovations.
Of the total SETIA students, another 297 are still living at the Transit Lodge in Kalimalang, East Jakarta.