5 Things to Know About Donald Trump's Budget

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(Photo: REUTERS/Joshua Roberts)U.S. President Donald Trump's overview of the budget priorities for Fiscal Year 2018 are displayed at the U.S. Government Publishing Office (GPO) on its release by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in Washington, U.S. March 16, 2017.

President Donald Trump's Executive Office has released his newly proposed budget blueprint outline for the fiscal year 2018.

Titled "America First: A Budget Blueprint to Make America Great Again," the document was made public on Thursday courtesy the Office of Management and Budget.

"While recognizing this Blueprint is not the full Federal budget, it does provide lawmakers and the public with a view of the priorities of the President and his Administration," wrote OMB Director Mick Mulvaney in the introduction.

"This 2018 Budget Blueprint will not add to the deficit. It has been crafted much the same way any American family creates its own budget while paying bills around their kitchen table; it makes hard choices."

Here are five interesting takeaways from the budget blueprint, specifically how certain federal entities will receive hefty cuts while other programs will receive large increases.

1. $54 Billion Defense Spending Increase

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(Photo: REUTERS/Joshua Drake)Republican U.S. presidential candidate Jeb Bush (not pictured) addresses cadets at the U.S. military at The Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina, in Charleston, South Carolina November 18, 2015.

In keeping with his emphasis on defense and national security, President Trump's proposed budget includes a $54 billion increase in defense spending.

"The core of my first Budget Blueprint is the rebuilding of our Nation's military without adding to our Federal deficit," stated Trump on page 1 of the Budget.

"There is a $54 billion increase in defense spending in 2018 that is offset by targeted reductions elsewhere. This defense funding is vital to rebuilding and preparing our Armed Forces for the future."

Trump went on to declare that the country "must ensure that our courageous servicemen and women have the tools they need to deter war, and when called upon to fight, do only one thing: Win."

2. $15.1 Billion Spending Decrease for Health and Human Services

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(Photo: REUTERS/Yuri Gripas)Health and Human Services (HHS) Secretary Sylvia Mathews Burwell speaks at a news conference to announce the results of a national Medicare fraud takedown at the Justice Department in Washington June 18, 2015. The U.S. Department of Justice said on Thursday that 243 people have been arrested across the country, charged with submitting fake billing for Medicare, a government healthcare programme, that totaled 2 million.

Health and Human Services, the Department that was the subject of dozens of lawsuits during the Obama Administration over its birth control mandate, gets a substantial decrease in funding compared to fiscal year 2017.

"The President's 2018 Budget requests $69.0 billion for HHS, a $15.1 billion or 17.9 percent decrease from the 2017 annualized CR level," reads page 21 of the Budget.

"This funding level excludes certain mandatory spending changes but includes additional funds for program integrity and implementing the 21st Century CURES Act."

The CURES Act is an Obama-era program for disease research.

Specific cuts include $5.8 billion reduction in National Institutes of Health spending, elimination of $403 million in health professions and nursing training programs, and elimination of $4.2 billion discretionary programs within the Office of Community Services.

The administration argues that these cuts were proposed as a result of the programs either being ineffective or being reorganized for greater efficiency.

"The Budget eliminates programs that are duplicative or have limited impact on public health and well-being," continued the document.

"The Budget allows HHS to continue to support priority activities that reflect a new and sustainable approach to long-term fiscal stability across the Federal Government."

3. $1.4 Billion Increase in School Choice Investment

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(Photo: Wikimedia Commons)An empty classroom is seen in this undated file photo.

The Trump administration's budget blueprint included a $1.4 billion increase in investments in school choice programs for both public and private institutions.

In a move likely to get the respect of many conservative groups, the document noted that these additional funds ramp up investments in school choice "to an annual total of $20 billion, and an estimated $100 billion including matching State and local funds."

"This additional investment in 2018 includes a $168 million increase for charter schools, $250 million for a new private school choice program, and a $1 billion increase for Title I, dedicated to encouraging districts to adopt a system of student based budgeting and open enrollment that enables Federal, State, and local funding to follow the student to the public school of his or her choice," read page 17 of the document.

Overall, the Department of Education will see a $9 billion (or 13 percent) reduction in funding compared to fiscal year 2017. These reductions will center on eliminating about 20 programs considered more appropriate for state-level funding or duplicates of other programs.

4. Grows the Budget for Law Enforcement, Immigration Regulation

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Reuters/Jorge DuenesA U.S. flag is seen next to a section of the wall separating Mexico and the United States, in Tijuana, Mexico

Although the Justice Department gets a decrease of $1.1 billion (or 3.8 percent) in funding compared to fiscal year 2017, certain programs under its dominion receive spending increases.

Funding will be allocated to provide for 75 more immigration justice teams, 60 more border enforcement prosecutors, 40 more deputy U.S. Marshals, and 40 more attorneys to deal with other immigration matters.

There will be $171 million more funding compared to fiscal year 2017 for "additional short-term detention space to hold Federal detainees, including criminal aliens, parole violators, and other offenders awaiting trial or sentencing."

The document also vowed to take action against "so-called sanctuary jurisdictions" and seek to "mitigate the risk their actions pose to public safety."

5. Environment Protection Agency to Receive Substantial Cuts

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(Photo: Reuters/Jonathan Ernst)Members of the United Mine Workers of America hold a rally outside the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency headquarters in Washington October 7, 2014. The union members rallied against proposed EPA Clean Power Plan rules, which the union claims will eliminate thousands of coal industry-related jobs.

The Environmental Protection Agency will receive severe cuts in the proposed budget, with a proposed decrease of $2.6 billion (or 31 percent) of its funding compared to fiscal year 2017, resulting in about 3,200 fewer positions within the EPA.

On page 41 of the budget blueprint, these cuts are justified by saying that they reflect "the success of environmental protection efforts, a focus on core legal requirements, the important role of the States in implementing the Nation's environmental laws, and the President's priority to ease the burden of unnecessary Federal regulations that impose significant costs for workers and consumers without justifiable environmental benefits."

As part of the reduction, over 50 EPA programs will be eliminated, with an estimated $347 million being saved as a result.

"Lower priority and poorly performing programs and grants are not funded, nor are duplicative functions that can be absorbed into other programs or that are State and local responsibilities," continued the document on page 42.

"Examples of eliminations in addition to those previously mentioned include: Energy Star; Targeted Airshed Grants; the Endocrine Disruptor Screening Program; and infrastructure assistance to Alaska Native Villages and the Mexico Border."

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