President-elect Donald Trump has garnered much criticism for his allegedly close ties to Russia and its strongman leader President Vladimir Putin.
Trump is hardly the first American politician to be accused of pandering to Russia for political gain, as both major parties have members who have weathered allegations.
The following are five examples of when Democrats were accused of trying to collaborate with Russia. They include live mic comments, uranium deals, and missile defense matters.
1. Obama Live Mic Comment
In March 2012, President Barack Obama and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev issued a joint statement to the press regarding the subject of missile defense.
However, the bigger story for many was what a live mic caught President Obama saying to his Russian counterpart about having "more flexibility" following his reelection.
"On all these issues, but particularly missile defense, this, this can be solved, but it's important for him to give me space," said Obama to Medvedev, the "him" likely being current Russian President Vladimir Putin.
"This is my last election," added Obama, "After my election, I have more flexibility."
Medvedev responded that he "will transmit this information to Vladimir."
"The exchange provided a rare glimpse of a world leader speaking frankly about the political realities he faces at home," reported The Washington Post in 2012 regarding the unscripted incident.
"... in an unscripted moment picked up by camera crews, the American president was more blunt: Let me get reelected first, he said; then I'll have a better chance of making something happen."
2. Obama Uranium Deal
In 2010, the federal interagency entity The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States approved a deal involving the sale of a Canadian company named Uranium One that gave Russia control over 20 percent of the United States' uranium production.
Then Secretary of State Hillary Clinton's State Department was one of the agencies in CFIUS that oversaw the deal, leading some to accuse of Clinton of jeopardizing national security.
The extent to which Clinton was involved in exact details of the deal remains disputed and according to Politifact the actual amount uranium Russia will receive is fairly small.
"For one, the United States doesn't actually produce all that much uranium (about 2 percent in 2015) and is actually a net importer of the chemical," noted Politifact.
"For another, Russia doesn't have the licenses to export uranium outside the United States ... The Kremlin was likely more interested in Uranium One's assets in Kazakhstan, the world's largest producer."
3. Ted Kennedy and the Soviet Union
In 1983, Democratic Senator Ted Kennedy allegedly made an overture to the Soviet Union, having his friend John Tunney visit Moscow.
According to a KGB memo from the time, Sen. Kennedy wanted the Soviets to help defeat Republican President Ronald Reagan in the 1984 election.
"Kennedy believes that, given the current state of affairs, and in the interest of peace, it would be prudent and timely to undertake ... steps to counter the militaristic politics of Reagan and his campaign to psychologically burden the American people," stated the memo.
Tunney has denied the validity of the memo, labeling it "completely false." Politifact interviewed an expert on the KGB who explained that memos from the era were known to be factually unreliable.
"Stephen Cohen, a political scientist at Princeton University and New York University, suggested that KGB memos shouldn't be taken at face value," noted Politifact.
"'As someone who has worked for years in once closed Soviet-era archives, I can tell you that many false documents can be found there,' Cohen told PunditFact. 'As the saying goes, rubbish in, rubbish out.'"
4. The 1960 Presidential Election
In a memoir published by LIFE magazine that was published on December 18, 1970, former Soviet Union Premier Nikita Khrushchev said that his regime worked to influence the results of the 1960 presidential election.
Khrushchev wrote that he had taken issue with then Republican Vice President Richard Nixon and wanted Democrat John F. Kennedy to win.
The former Soviet leader recalled a meeting with Kennedy after he won the election, telling him as a joke that the USSR "had cast the deciding ballot in his election to the presidency."
"I explained that by waiting to release the U-2 pilot Gary Powers until after the American election, we kept Nixon from being able to claim that he could deal with the Russians," recounted Khrushchev, adding that "our ploy made a difference of at least a half a million votes, which gave Kennedy the edge he needed."
According to Smithsonian Magazine, the Soviets also offered to help campaign for Democratic politician Adlai Stevenson if he ran for president in 1960, however Stevenson declined the offer.
5. Obama's Missile Defense Program
In 2009, President Obama decided to scrap a missile defense program in Europe that Russia had claimed threatened their nation's nuclear weapons arsenal.
Obama's move was denounced by some Republicans, including former 2012 election opponent Mitt Romney, as "a gift to Russia." It also garnered criticism from Poland and the Czech Republic, who were expecting to benefit from the missile defense shield.
"Senior sources in Warsaw and Prague said they would insist on the Americans honouring pledges they made to the Nato allies in return for agreeing last year to the plan for missile defence deployments," reported The Guardian.
"The central European countries were keen to acquire the US installations and other military hardware as partial security guarantees against a resurgent Russia."
Eventually, however, in May of 2016 the United States did finally launch a missile shield program that will be operated by NATO.
"The system is to be turned over to NATO command and will be housed at a U.S. naval support facility in Deveselu, Romania, the site of a Romanian military base," reported CNN.
"The U.S. and NATO have continually stressed that the system is intended to defend Europe from Iran and its expanding arsenal. Tehran has continued to test-fire ballistic missiles following the internationally negotiated deal to limit its nuclear program."