The Trump administration is expected to reduce the number of refugees to be resettled into the United States during the next fiscal year to below 50,000, sources have indicated.
Multiple sources, including a U.S. Refugee Admissions Program official with knowledge of the situation, have told Vice News that the Trump administration is expected to cap the number of refugees allowed to resettle in the U.S. in fiscal year 2018 to no more than 50,000.
Meanwhile, The New York Times cited other sources familiar with the talks in a report on Tuesday who said the administration is considering setting the fiscal year 2018 quota below the 50,000 mark, which would be the lowest U.S. refugee resettlement quota since 1980.
Although sources have said that Trump has not yet made his final decision on the matter, those same sources reportedly told Vice News that the number "won't exceed 50,000" and could be even be lower. The website reports that members of the National Security Council were scheduled to talk about the refugee cap on Tuesday and that an announcement could come as soon as this week.
The reports come as Trump has until Oct. 1, the start of the new fiscal year, to make a decision on the refugee limit. After Trump took office in January, he set a cap of 50,000 on refugees to be resettled in the U.S. in fiscal year 2017. The move cut former President Barack Obama's goal of resettling 110,000 refugees in fiscal year 2017 — higher than any number during his own administration — by more than half. About 85,000 refugees were resettled in the U.S. in fiscal year 2016.
Human rights advocates and refugee resettlement agencies were quick to voice their outrage over Trump's initial cuts in the refugee cap earlier this year because they receive funding from the government on a per-refugee basis.
The leaders of refugee resettlement agencies, many of which are faith based, are still lobbying the administration to increase the refugee cap. World Relief, an evangelical refugee resettlement organization, is asking the administration to raise the cap to 75,000 in fiscal year 2018, according to World Relief Vice President of Advocacy and Policy Jenny Yang.
"[We are] at a time of the worst migration crisis since World War II, we believe U.S. churches are ready and willing to welcome even more refugees than before," Yang told The Christian Post in an emailed statement.
Yang added that World Relief is particularly concerned about the impact a reduction to the refugee cap could have on persecuted Christians throughout the world because a "dramatically reduced refugee ceiling for fiscal year 2018 would inherently mean that fewer persecuted Christians would be able to find refuge in the U.S. especially as persecution of Christians is on the rise globally."
"World Relief is grateful for the president's strong statements of commitment to stand with persecuted Christians and other religious minorities, and urge him to set a refugee ceiling that will allow more — not fewer — persecuted Christians along with other persecuted religious minorities to find safety and rebuild their lives in the U.S.," Yang stressed.
Faith McDonnell, who serves as the director of Religious Liberty Programs and of the Church Alliance for a New Sudan at the Washington, D.C.-based Institute on Religion & Democracy, told CP in a statement she thinks what the Trump administration is expected to do with the refugee cap is "reasonable."
"I am most concerned that actual refugees, those who have a real, credible fear of persecution are able to receive asylum in this country. During the last few years of the Obama administration, the persecuted and sex trafficked Christians and Yazidis of Iraq and Syria were left out for the most part," McDonnell wrote, pointing out the lopsided numbers of Syrian Muslims resettled to the U.S. compared to Syrian Christians. "But if we are attempting to bring balance to the situation and also a realistic, sane concern about not letting potential jihadists and other radicals into the country, then this seems like a reasonable thing to me that the Trump Administration is going to do."
"Now, there are Muslims from places particularly like Sudan who are not potential jihadis, who are against their own government," she added. "We really have to discern carefully who we are talking about if we want to do this with traditional American concern for refugees."
Despite the statistics concerning Syrian refugee resettlement in past years, more Christians have been resettled as refugees in the U.S. in the past 10 years than refugees or any other religious tradition.
"Reducing the total number of refugees inherently means that fewer Christians will receive protections. Already, in fiscal year 2017 — as a result of the lowered refugee ceiling from 110,000 to 50,000 — approximately 14,000 fewer Christian refugees were admitted to the U.S. than in FY2016," Yang explained. "These include many Christians who have been persecuted particularly because of their faith in Christ."
Yang pointed out that the average annual refugee ceiling since 1980 has been 95,000. She noted that former Republican presidents such as George H.W. Bush and Ronald Reagan set their refugee caps as high as 140,000 (under Reagan in 1982) and 131,000 (under Bush in 1991–1992.)
"Since 2001, the average refugee admissions ceiling has been 81,000. Setting the refugee admissions ceiling at 50,000 or lower would be the lowest refugee ceiling ever set by a president since the start of the program in 1980 — at a time when there are more refugees in the world than ever in recorded history," Yang said.
According to the United Nations, over 1.2 million people around the world are in need of resettlement.
"This means the U.S. resettles less than half of 1 percent of the world's refugees and less than 10 percent of those who are in urgent need of resettlement. Seventy-two percent of refugees that came to the U.S. in 2016 were women and children," she added. "Refugees are widows, orphans, and victims of rape, torture, religious persecution, and political oppression; they flee the very regimes and terror the U.S. is fighting against."
The International Rescue Committee reports that there are 60,000 Iraqis who have been granted P-2 visas that are awaiting resettlement.
"If they continue to be admitted at current rates and under a refugee ceiling of 50,000, it will take at least 17 years just to clear the current backlog," Yang explained.
Yang also contested that the U.S. government's reduced refugee cap would hurt the global resettlement effort after dozens of countries pledged to double the number of refugees resettled last year.
The executive director of the largest U.S. refugee resettlement agency, Bill Canny of the of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, told The New York Times that the organization might have to let go of more staff if the Trump administration decreases the refugee cap again.
"The United States has provided tremendous leadership in this area over many years and has encouraged other countries to accept more refugees, and those have been largely moral arguments on the part of our country, talking about duty and 'love thy neighbor' and helping those in need," Canny said. "By diminishing the numbers in the way that they've discussed, we diminish our capacity to do any of that."