Apostle Paul wrote that a woman is not permitted to exercise authority over a man, according to a report by one of the more conservative denominations in the U.S.
The Lutheran Church Missouri Synod, the second largest Lutheran church body and one of only a handful of denominations that prohibit the ordination of female pastors, made the conclusion after conducting a study of the language used by St. Paul in 1 Timothy 2:12.
The verse, I do not permit a woman to teach or to have authority over a man (NIV), is often cited by conservative biblical scholars who believe the pastorate should be restricted to males only.
The denominations Commission on Theology and Church Relations studied the Greek term authentien as used in this instance upon the request of the 1994 Atlantic District. The word authentien appears only once in the New Testament, and some scholars have said the term was not intended to keep women out of the ministry but rather meant to admonish women who take authority away from men.
Upon conducting the study, the Commission concluded that the term probably means to exercise authority, not to usurp authority, and reaffirmed the denominations original stance on the topic. The study upheld the findings of a 1985 church report dubbed Women in the Church.
The findings were released during the CTCRs meeting in April 14 16, 2005.