Second Vatican Council Officially Begins - October 11, 1962
This week marks the anniversary of the opening of the still controversial Second Vatican Council, which was convoked by Pope John XXIII.
John XXIII gave an address on the first day of the Council at St. Peter's Basilica, in which the pontiff explained that the biggest focus of the gathering was "that the sacred deposit of Christian doctrine should be guarded and taught more efficaciously."
"... it is necessary first of all that the Church should never depart from the sacred patrimony of truth received from the Fathers," said the pope.
"But at the same time she must ever look to the present, to the new conditions and new forms of life introduced into the modern world, which have opened new avenues to the Catholic apostolate."