Why Congress Should Reject Federal 'Hate Crimes' Bill

The House Judiciary Committee will on Wednesday consider a proposed federal "hate crimes" bill, H.R. 1913. It would, for the first time, allow the federal government to step in and prosecute any violent crime anywhere in the country that "is motivated by prejudice" against a number of protected characteristics, including "sexual orientation"
and "gender identity" (that is, cross-dressing and sex changes).

All violent crimes should be vigorously prosecuted - but this novel legal approach violates several core principles and holds a number of dangers.

1) It violates the "equal protection of the laws" by protecting some victims more than others. This is a principle which is guaranteed by the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution and is even carved above the entrance to the Supreme Court ("Equal Justice Under Law"). Do we somehow care less about a victim who is violently assaulted because of a robbery or personal dispute than we do about a victim who is assaulted because they belong in a federally protected category?

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2) It punishes thoughts and not just actions. Advocates of the bill deny this because it only authorizes prosecution of someone who "willfully causes bodily injury" or "attempts to cause bodily injury." But such acts are already crimes under state law. What converts the acts targeted by this bill into a federal offense are the thoughts or opinions of the perpetrator alone. Since every violent crime manifests some sort of "hate," it makes more sense to think of this as a "thought crimes" law.

3) It constitutes a major federal power grab from states and localities. A version of this bill in an earlier Congress was dubbed the "Local Law Enforcement Enhancement Act." It might better be known as the "Local Law Enforcement Usurpation Act." In fact, it would even allow prosecution of an individual who had already been prosecuted and acquitted for the same act at the state level-which violates the constitutional protection against double jeopardy.

4) It shows contempt for the moral and religious views of millions of Americans by including "sexual orientation" and "gender identity" as protected categories. By distinguishing between an ordinary crime and a so-called "hate crime" solely on the basis of the perpetrator's disapproval of homosexual conduct or sex changes, the bill sends a message that such disapproval alone-even if expressed peacefully and lovingly-constitutes a form of "hate" that is equivalent to racial bigotry. This is an insult to many compassionate individuals who sincerely object to such conduct, not only based on religious and moral boundaries that are thousands of years old, but also based on well-founded concerns about the serious health risks of such conduct.

5) It sets us on a slippery slope toward serious infringements of the freedom of speech and freedom of religion. In some jurisdictions that have adopted these laws, "hate crimes" have been defined to include not just violent physical acts, but merely verbal activity as well, using terms like "hate speech," "intimidation," and even verbal "assault." By ratifying the "thought crimes" mentality, this bill paves the way for future expansions of its scope. Indeed, Christians have already been prosecuted under thought crime laws for peacefully expressing disapproval of homosexual behavior in Sweden, England, Canada, and even in Philadelphia. Even under current federal law, the 1990 "Hate Crime Statistics Act" defines "hate crimes" much more broadly as "crimes that manifest evidence of prejudice," and the statistics collected under that law include even non-violent offenses such as "intimidation." It would be a very simple matter for a future Congress to change the definition of a "hate crime" subject to federal prosecution to match the more sweeping definition of "hate crimes" on which the federal government already gathers statistics.

There is simply no evidence that state and local law enforcement officials are unable or unwilling to adequately investigate and prosecute violent "hate crimes" under existing criminal laws, or that they are failing to do so. Because of that, a federal "hate crimes" law is unnecessary, and for the reasons noted above, it is unacceptable. To treat all victims equally, and to punish actions and not thoughts, Congress should reject H.R. 1913.

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