Christianity is a faith with a long and detailed history, with numerous events of lasting significance occurring throughout the ages.
Each week bring the anniversaries of great milestones, horrid tragedies, amazing triumphs, and everything in between.
Here are just a few things that happened this week, July 9-15, in Church history. They include the birth of a famous theologian, the start of a divisive trial, and the emergence of "In God We Trust."
John Calvin born - July 10, 1509
This week marks the anniversary of the birth of one of the most influential theologians in Protestant Christianity.
John Calvin, whose name occasionally is also rendered Jean Cauvin, was born on July 10, 1509 in Noyon, France.
A lawyer by profession, Calvin was a renowned Protestant Reformer who championed the idea of predestination, or the theological idea that God had chosen all who would be saved without human input.
Scopes 'Monkey Trial' Begins – July 10, 1925
This week marks the anniversary of one of the most controversial and impactful trials in the history of Christianity.
The Scopes "Monkey Trial" began on July 10, 1925. The case centered on a Tennessee science teacher who was accused of violating a state law banning the teaching of evolution.
"With local businessman George Rappalyea, Scopes had conspired to get charged with this violation, and after his arrest the pair enlisted the aid of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) to organize a defense," noted History.com.
"William Jennings Bryan, the three-time Democratic presidential candidate and a fundamentalist hero, volunteered to assist the prosecution. Soon after, the great attorney Clarence Darrow agreed to join the ACLU in the defense, and the stage was set for one of the most famous trials in U.S. history."
Although Bryan and the prosecution won the trial, the victory was a pyrrhic one. The case was used by media to portray Fundamentalist Christians as anti-intellectual.
Furthermore, Scopes became a rallying cry for the eventual inserting of the Theory of Evolution into public schools and the purging of Creationism from science curriculum.
'In God We Trust' Placed on American Currency – July 11, 1955
This week marks the anniversary of the decision by the federal government to insert the national motto "In God We Trust" onto United States currency.
On July 11, 1955, President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed H.R. 619 into law, making the motto appear on all paper and coin currency.
While the motto had occasionally appeared on American currency before 1955, President Eisenhower's signature made sure the motto remained on the money to the present day.
U.S. Representative Charles E. Bennett of Florida, the man who introduced the legislation, said on the House floor that the motto signified the inherent spiritual nature of the nation.
"Nothing can be more certain than that our country was founded in a spiritual atmosphere and with a firm trust in God," stated Bennett.
"While the sentiment of trust in God is universal and timeless, these particular four words 'In God We Trust' are indigenous to our country."