5 Trends in Christian Missions: Global Christianity Experts

The office of the Southern Baptist Convention's International Mission Board in Richmond, Virginia.
The office of the Southern Baptist Convention's International Mission Board in Richmond, Virginia. | (Photo: The Christian Post)

The world nowadays has been described as a "global village" thanks to technological advances that have knit first-world urban dwellers to third-world villagers through mobile phones and the internet. Finishing the Great Commission and bringing the Gospel to unreached people groups through Bible translations in their heart language is occurring more rapidly than ever in history.

Bob Creson, president and CEO of Wycliffe Bible Translators USA, wrote in a 2014 article in Christian Post that a unqiue software program called ParaText has radically increased the speed of Bible translation and that "someone who is alive in the world today will translate the last Bible for the last unreached people."

"We're at a pivotal point in history where this generation could see the end of a centuries-old effort to make the Bible available in every language that needs it. This is the fastest pace of Bible translation the church has ever seen, and technological advancements have played a critical role in getting us here. We praise God that today there are nearly 2,200 Bible translation projects underway in some of the most remote places on earth, representing 1.9 billion people being reached with the gospel in a language they can clearly understand."

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According to the Joshua Project, which offers global statistics on unreached people groups, there are still 6,672 unreached groups out of 16,510 people groups in the world, which represents a population of 3.07 billion unreached people.

With all the changes and development in reaching people with the Gospel, The Christian Post asked two experts on international mission work to describe five trends in missions today.

Below are responses from Albert W. Hickman, senior research associate at the Center for the Study of Global Christianity at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, and Eric King, leader of the church initiatives team at the Southern Baptist Convention's International Mission Board.

1. The Rise of Non-Western Missionaries

The 23 South Korean ministries that were taken hostage by the Taliban in 2007. Two were executed before the Taliban and South Korea reached a deal to release the rest of the hostages.
The 23 South Korean ministries that were taken hostage by the Taliban in 2007. Two were executed before the Taliban and South Korea reached a deal to release the rest of the hostages. | (Photo: Wikimedia Commons)

Hickman: In the past, missions was largely "from the West to the Rest." Today the number of international missionaries from the Global South continues to increase, even as the number of missionaries sent from the Global North is decreasing. South Korea has been joined by Brazil and Nigeria as major missionary-sending countries, and others are poised to follow.

Missionaries from the Global South are going not only to other countries in the Global South but also, in what is sometimes called "reverse mission," to the countries of the Global North. The Southern missionaries see the decline of Christian faith and adherence in the North and feel both a debt of gratitude and an obligation to re-evangelize those who now live in the countries that sent the missionaries who evangelized the South many years ago.

King:  Another trend is that national believers who previously were those being reached with the Gospel are now taking the Gospel to the unreached in other parts of the world. Chinese believers could be the next missions sending force, following the Western and Korean Christians who've gone before them.

IMB partners with churches around the world to empower limitless missionary teams who are making disciples and multiplying churches among unreached peoples and places for the glory of God — and this includes partnering through training that supports national believers in their global mission efforts. Partnerships range from the West Africa countries of Ghana and Nigeria, across Europe with partners in countries such as Moldova and Germany, continuing through Asia with countries such as the Philippines and Indonesia, and American partners such as Cuba, Ecuador, Brazil and Panama.

2. An Urban Focus

A view of the Chicago skyline August 13, 2009.
A view of the Chicago skyline August 13, 2009. | (Photo: REUTERS/John Gress)

Hickman: Missions in the past often focused on rural areas, but today many international missionaries go to the major cities. In the Global South, people are flooding into cities from the countryside in search of jobs, and their displacement from the familiar often makes them more open to the witness of a missionary.

Cities thus are both "collection points," providing missionaries the opportunity to reach people from many different languages, ethnicities and backgrounds in one place, and "launching points" from which those who come to faith in Christ can be sent back to their own peoples as more effective witnesses than foreign missionaries could be.

King: We also see the unreached coming to the global cities of the world. More than 54 percent of the world's population lives in urban areas — 3.9 billion and growing. It is estimated that by 2050, 80 percent of the world will live in global cities.

Global cities are places where billions of people from every corner of the world live, work and play. Similarly, we see massive migration of people from areas traditionally closed to a Gospel witness leaving those areas as refugees and traveling to places where they can hear the Gospel for the first time.

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