Seen here is one of the depictions of Martin Luther with a document in his hand as he argues with someone.
Luther was sent to Wittenberg from Erfurt by Johann von Staupitz, an Augustinian cleric and theologian who supervised Luther during his 20s while he was a monk. Luther taught theology in Wittenberg and frequently preached in St. Mary's Church. It is widely held that on Oct. 31, 1517, Luther nailed his 95 theses to the door of Castle Church, which among other things, objected to the practice of selling papal indulgences. That is what Luther's friend Melanchton recalled, according to historic accounts. That date is the same day as when Luther penned a letter articulating his concerns to the Archbishop of Mainz. Many have argued that this event set in motion developments that would give birth to the modern world.
The Protestant Reformer is arguably most famous for the recovery of the doctrine of justification — that the Christian is saved by grace through faith in God alone and not through any of his or her works.
In the hall just outside the panorama an exhibit explains: "The impact of the Reformation and others was felt deep in the daily lives of ordinary people. Of paramount importance for Luther was the belief in Jesus Christ and His resurrection. Through this belief alone and less through pious deeds, every person could find a direct path to God."