Hillary Clinton 'Makes History,' but Not in the Way You Think

Dr. Steve Turley is a teacher of Theology and Rhetoric at Tall Oaks Classical School in New Castle, Delaware, and professor of Fine Arts at Eastern University.
Dr. Steve Turley is a teacher of Theology and Rhetoric at Tall Oaks Classical School in New Castle, Delaware, and professor of Fine Arts at Eastern University.

"Hillary Clinton Officially Becomes First Woman to Win Major Party Nomination." "Democrats Make Hillary Clinton a Historic Nominee." "History Takes the Stage: Hillary Clinton becomes the first woman to lead a major-party ticket."

So read the headlines the day after Hillary Clinton received the Democratic Party's nomination for president.

But was this really such a historical moment? In fact, was this even really history?

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Anthropologists generally see what we call "history" as a process of cultural memory, which involves enshrining past events as incidents of dominant myths and meta-narratives that define the identity of a population. These events continue to live in what is called communicative memory, which interprets current events in light of the dominant narrative supplied by cultural memory.

Being the first in something certainly has its historical appeal. It could be seen as integral to a distinctively American culture that sees itself on the vanguard of boldly going where no man has gone before. Primacy even has marketing appeal.

However, being "the first" has been caught up of late in what is termed emancipatory politics. Emancipatory politics involves utilizing the power of the state to liberate people from traditional social structures and arrangements that are deemed "unjust." The injustice involves the arbitrary impediments traditional societies impose on the individual who wants to exercise social control over his or her own life circumstances. Because traditional societies tend to impose arbitrarily key identity markers such as gender, sexual orientation, and religious affiliation on their populations, the extent to which these impositions are overcome and corrected is the measure of what is labeled "justice," "liberty," and "equality."

Emancipatory politics is important for two reasons. First, it provides the cultural memory of a new secular modernist culture bent on freeing itself from the superstitions and discriminations of the past. Secondly, emancipatory politics provides the myth that designates certain current events as worthy of a culture's historical memory.

Thus, so-called minority demographics have "priority" in our media-driven history-making mythology. Perhaps you remember Ireen Wust, the first openly gay athlete competing in the Olympic Games at Sochi to win gold. Or you may know Moses Fleetwood Walker, who overcame dominant bigotries to become the first African-American Major League Baseball player; or Marie Curie, who pushed back centuries of misogynistic mores to be the first woman to win a Nobel Prize; or when Lego unveiled its first ever mini-figure in a wheelchair … You get it.

To be clear, I'm all for every person fulfilling their God-given vocations, and I am well aware of the wickedness that can be culturally instituted. What concerns me here are the ways in which these "firsts" emblemize a new historical myth of political emancipation that supposedly replaces our previous historical narratives of American exceptionalism and Christendom.

Thus, you will notice that representatives of traditional society are no longer remembered in this new mythology. For example, in a recently published Aesthetics reader, the Christian contribution to art and beauty is entirely ignored, as the anthology jumps from classical philosophers to modern theorists. And today, the "first Christian ever to …" means nothing unless it involves the ordination of a homosexual bishop.

Much of what the media represents as epic or history making is actually nothing more than celebrations of a myth of political emancipation. Tuesday night's nomination may turn out to have been historic, but not for the reasons so prevalently presumed.

Steve Turley (Ph.D., Durham University) is an internationally recognized scholar, speaker, and blogger at He is the author of Awakening Wonder: A Classical Guide to Truth, Goodness, and Beauty and The Ritualized Revelation of the Messianic Age: Washings and Meals in Galatians and 1 Corinthians. Steve is a teacher of Theology and Rhetoric at Tall Oaks Classical School in Newark, DE, and Professor of Fine Arts at Eastern University.

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